The following review was posted on RevisedHistory, 13 August 2017:
Segregation Was Not Southern Racism–It Was Federal Policy
by Al Benson Jr.
Member, Board of Directors, Confederate Society of America
I have just received an informative little book that deals with a lot of material folks will never see in their “history” books, but need to be aware of, especially here in the South. This book was written by John Chodes of New York City and published by Shotwell Publishing http://www.ShotwellPublishing.com in Columbia, South Carolina.
The title of the book is Segregation Federal Policy or Racism? And Mr. Chodes explains why it was federal policy instead of Southern racism. He starts out by dealing with a subject I have written about on and off for years, but which most people simply fail to grasp–that “reconstruction” did not end in the South after the Yankee/Marxist troops departed–it just continued under other names and it continues right down to our day. The current riots in Charlottesville, Virginia are a prime example of how “reconstruction” continues to work in our day.
Chodes notes on page x of his introduction that: “Northerners attempted to recast every opinion opposed to the North’s myths, to impose Northern ways upon the Southern people, to…write error across the pages of Southern history which were out of keeping with the Northern legend…” Here he quoted Frank L. Owsley, who had noted all this decades ago. And referring to this, Chodes stated: “This new history erased the fact that segregation is not the result of Southern racism. It is the result of federal policy from 1865 to 1900 to divide the white and black races and to promote discord and hatred for political advantage.” In this vein, he begins to conclude his book with this statement: “Uncle Sam has come full circle. He created segregation by fraud, force, and violence, then blamed Southerners for those deeds. Now he employs busing, gerrymandering of election districts, the police, the national guard, the courts, confiscation, and the threat of incarceration to achieve a coercive, integrated, egalitarian society through an arbitrary ratio of blacks to whites. This is totally in keeping with the utopian dream of the Radical Republican carpetbaggers and congressmen.” And in between these two points he says an awful lot in a short 73 pages that it will take a couple of articles for me to even hit all the high points.
Mr. Chodes notes how the antebellum society of the South before the War of Northern Aggression was an integrated society, especially on the plantations, but other places as well. For Southern society to function back then there had to be a fair amount of integration because there was a mutual dependence of both races on the other. After the Confederacy was defeated (but never officially surrendered) all of this changed. “Reconstruction” changed all this “…by the bayonet, into mutual suspicion and loathing, separation and violence. A great mental and physical chasm opened up between the races.” That was not by accident. He goes into the fact that, in the Johnson administration, segregation began under “congressional reconstruction.” He wrote that: “In many respects, the Reconstruction-era policy of divide and conquer is still maintained today but in a subtler form.” Only with some of what is going on today with the planned destruction of Southern culture, it is getting much less subtle and much more overt.
Chodes notes the integrated makeup of Southern armies. He observes: “Contrary to politically correct history, the Confederacy used blacks, slave and free, as troops long before the North did. Slaves were integrated with white troops into Southern armies,” and although Mr. Chodes didn’t mention it, they got the same pay, when they got paid, as white troops did. In the Northern armies they got less.
The 14th and 15th Amendments come in for “honorable” mention by Chodes, where he notes that “Both these amendments drove a tremendous antagonistic wedge between the races. They were not intended to create equality between blacks and whites, they were to put the bottom rail on top and perpetuate constant discord, violence, and political submission of the rebels to the freedmen. These Constitutional amendments were acts of revenge and their effects are still felt today.”
It has been a while since our last Blog post, but there ain't no reason to worry ‘bout us slowin’ down.
We’ve been busy russlin’ up some fine material, including the book we are officially releasing today:
Segregation: Federal Policy or Racism?
by John Chodes.
You may remember a book we published by Mr. Chodes when we were first starting out entitled Washington’s KKK: The Union League During Southern Reconstruction.
Both Chodes's books are slim volumes, but are packed with information that should be well known, but “for some reason” ain’t.
We realize that this is a delicate topic, gentle reader, but we must be bold when confronting the issues that continue to affect us today.
Understanding the origins of institutional segregation can go a long way in helping us treat its lingering effects. If we are mistaken regarding the cause, we are far less likely to find the cure. This should be neither controversial or divisive.
Here's a brief description of Chodes's new book:
MOST PEOPLE KNOW something of Jim Crow and the segregated South — even if only from melodramatic television and cinematic depictions. Few, however, know how it came into being. The antebellum South was not racially segregated.
It was a race-conscious society to be sure, but it was not segregated. How did this post-war social arrangement come into being? Was it a spontaneous codification of Southern racism or can its origins be found elsewhere?
In SEGREGATION, New York playwright and historian John Chodes makes the case that segregation was imported from and imposed on the South by the conquering North before it was adopted and institutionalised by the South.
If Chodes is correct, there is much more to the segregation story than the “virtuous North” against the “recalcitrant South” narrative that is at the root of the ongoing demonization of Dixie and the war on her flags and monuments.
Such insight could go a long way in providing new avenues of discussion to better diagnose and treat the social ills we continue to confront in contemporary America...
Print copies are now available at Amazon. To go directly to the book, please mash (“click”) HERE.
Electronic copies are available for a special price of 99¢ anywhere they are sold! (For a complete list of online retailers, mash HERE)
This price is good through the end of August. After that, it will list for $3.99-$4.99.
If you buy it from our NEW ONLINE STORE you can get an ADDITIONAL 50% OFF.
This offer expires at the end of August. Here’s the link to the store and here’s the discount code: COLLARDS
You can use the same code to get a 50% discount on anything in our store.
We currently have 3 audiobooks (Lies My Teacher Told Me; Emancipation Hell, & The Yankee Problem) and 4 electronic books (From Jekyll to Hide; When the Yankees Come; Segregation, & Dismantling the Republic).
We are offering deep discounts because we are asking for any feedback on how the purchase process is working, especially if you encounter any problems.
The online store is a work in progress and we are adding products as time permits. Soon we will be selling some hard to find titles (not published by Shotwell) by some of our authors, including Clyde Wilson and James Kibler, as well as some signed copies of our own titles. Baby steps...
--The Shotwell Gang
P.S. – For deep discounts on new releases, subscribe to our new release notification by mashing HERE. (Subscribers got 50% off Print edition of Segregation today)
As a bonus for signing-up, you will get a FREE downloadable edition of Dr. Clyde Wilson’s Lies My Teacher Told Me: The True History of the War for Southern Independence.
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