The following review was posted on RevisedHistory, 13 August 2017:
Segregation Was Not Southern Racism–It Was Federal Policy
by Al Benson Jr.
Member, Board of Directors, Confederate Society of America
I have just received an informative little book that deals with a lot of material folks will never see in their “history” books, but need to be aware of, especially here in the South. This book was written by John Chodes of New York City and published by Shotwell Publishing http://www.ShotwellPublishing.com in Columbia, South Carolina.
The title of the book is Segregation Federal Policy or Racism? And Mr. Chodes explains why it was federal policy instead of Southern racism. He starts out by dealing with a subject I have written about on and off for years, but which most people simply fail to grasp–that “reconstruction” did not end in the South after the Yankee/Marxist troops departed–it just continued under other names and it continues right down to our day. The current riots in Charlottesville, Virginia are a prime example of how “reconstruction” continues to work in our day.
Chodes notes on page x of his introduction that: “Northerners attempted to recast every opinion opposed to the North’s myths, to impose Northern ways upon the Southern people, to…write error across the pages of Southern history which were out of keeping with the Northern legend…” Here he quoted Frank L. Owsley, who had noted all this decades ago. And referring to this, Chodes stated: “This new history erased the fact that segregation is not the result of Southern racism. It is the result of federal policy from 1865 to 1900 to divide the white and black races and to promote discord and hatred for political advantage.” In this vein, he begins to conclude his book with this statement: “Uncle Sam has come full circle. He created segregation by fraud, force, and violence, then blamed Southerners for those deeds. Now he employs busing, gerrymandering of election districts, the police, the national guard, the courts, confiscation, and the threat of incarceration to achieve a coercive, integrated, egalitarian society through an arbitrary ratio of blacks to whites. This is totally in keeping with the utopian dream of the Radical Republican carpetbaggers and congressmen.” And in between these two points he says an awful lot in a short 73 pages that it will take a couple of articles for me to even hit all the high points.
Mr. Chodes notes how the antebellum society of the South before the War of Northern Aggression was an integrated society, especially on the plantations, but other places as well. For Southern society to function back then there had to be a fair amount of integration because there was a mutual dependence of both races on the other. After the Confederacy was defeated (but never officially surrendered) all of this changed. “Reconstruction” changed all this “…by the bayonet, into mutual suspicion and loathing, separation and violence. A great mental and physical chasm opened up between the races.” That was not by accident. He goes into the fact that, in the Johnson administration, segregation began under “congressional reconstruction.” He wrote that: “In many respects, the Reconstruction-era policy of divide and conquer is still maintained today but in a subtler form.” Only with some of what is going on today with the planned destruction of Southern culture, it is getting much less subtle and much more overt.
Chodes notes the integrated makeup of Southern armies. He observes: “Contrary to politically correct history, the Confederacy used blacks, slave and free, as troops long before the North did. Slaves were integrated with white troops into Southern armies,” and although Mr. Chodes didn’t mention it, they got the same pay, when they got paid, as white troops did. In the Northern armies they got less.
The 14th and 15th Amendments come in for “honorable” mention by Chodes, where he notes that “Both these amendments drove a tremendous antagonistic wedge between the races. They were not intended to create equality between blacks and whites, they were to put the bottom rail on top and perpetuate constant discord, violence, and political submission of the rebels to the freedmen. These Constitutional amendments were acts of revenge and their effects are still felt today.”
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